Tooth Ache


Toothache is also known as Dental Pain or ‘Odontalgia’ is a pain in or around a tooth or multiple teeth.

It can range from mild to completely unbearable depending on the extent of disease State of Registration or trauma.

Toothache does not only affect Eating and Drinking but can also cause difficulty in Laughing, Smiling, Talking, and Sleeping.


Causes of toothache include:

  • Tooth decay
  • Fractured, cracked, or traumatized tooth
  • Gum and jaw disease
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Infected pulp
  • Impacted tooth
  • Tooth /Gum abscesses
  • Sinus infection /congestion.

Tooth Decay is the most common cause of toothache.

Discussion/Tooth Structure

A tooth has 3 major layers.


Enamel is the hardest tissue in the human body.

It is that part that is visibly seen in the mouth and brush daily.

A decay or cavity in the enamel does not cause pain but should be treated to avoid progression into the Dentine.


Dentine is the second layer beneath the enamel.

It is the most sensitive part when exposed.

A decay or cavity in the dentine leads to sensitivity and mild to moderate pain. It should also be treated to avoid further worsening of the disease.


This is known as the LIFE of the tooth.

It contains the nerves and blood vessels that nourish the tooth.

Severe pain that can be likened to labor pain occurs when the pulp is infected or affected


Treatment of toothache is dependent on the underlying cause.

Hence, professional examination, investigation, and diagnosis are important in the treatment of toothache.

Prompt dental treatment provides a positive outcome for toothache.

If left untreated may lead to severe conditions which may lead to death.


  • Visit your dentist at least every six months for oral examination and professional cleaning.
  • Maintaining proper oral hygiene is the key to preventing toothaches.
  • The best way to prevent tooth decay is to brush at least twice a day preferably morning and night using a medium textured toothbrush and a fluoride containing toothpaste.
  • Flossing at least once a day also help to prevent gum disease by removing food particles in between the teeth and gum.
  • Avoid sugary and acidic food and drinks as much as possible.

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